This perspective focuses on symbols that can be found in society, what those symbols mean to each of us, and how those symbols affect the way we interact with others in our society. See George Herbert Mead Functionalism: This perspective is an oddly positive way to look at society.
Dramaturgical perspective[ edit ] Dramaturgical perspective is one of several sociological paradigms separated from other sociological theories because it does not examine the cause of human behavior but it analyzes the context. This is, however, debatable within Sociology.
There are those sociologists who consider Dramaturgy a theory or theoretical framework, while others consider it a sociological paradigm. In Frame Analysis,  Goffman writes, "What is important is the sense he [a person or actor] provides them [the others or audience] through his dealing with them of what sort of person he is behind the role he is in" p.
The dramaturgical perspective can be seen as an anchor to this perspective, where the individual's identity is performed through role sand consensus between the actor and the audience.
Because of this dependence on consensus to define social situationsthe perspective argues that there is no concrete meaning to any interaction that could not be redefined.
Dramaturgy emphasizes expressiveness as the main component of interactions. It is termed as the "fully two-sided view of human interaction". Dramaturgical theory suggests that a person's identity is not a stable and independent psychological entity, but rather, it is constantly remade as the person interacts with others.
In a dramaturgical model, social interaction is analyzed in terms of how people live their lives like actors performing on a stage. A status is like a part in a play, and a role serves as a script, supplying dialogue and action for the characters.
Goffman described each individual's "performance" as the presentation of self, a person's efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others. Goffman makes an important distinction between "front stage" and "back stage" behavior.
People engage in "back stage" behaviors when no audience is present. For example, a server in a restaurant is likely to perform one way in front of customers but might be much more casual in the kitchen. It is likely that he or she does things in the kitchen that might seem unseemly in front of customers.
These roles are subject to what is in theater termed "breaking character". Inopportune intrusions may occur, in which a backstage performance is interrupted by someone who is not meant to see it.
In addition, there are examples of how the audience for any personal performance plays a part in determining the course it takes: Performance[ edit ] There are seven important elements Goffman identifies with respect to the performance: Belief in the part one is playing is important, even if it cannot be judged by others.
The audience can only try to guess whether the performer is sincere or cynical. A performance often presents an idealized view of the situation to avoid confusion misrepresentation and strengthen other elements fronts, dramatic realization.
Audiences often have an 'idea' of what a given situation performance should look like and performers will try to carry out the performance according to that idea.
The audience tends to think of a performance as genuine or false, and performers generally wish to avoid having an audience disbelieve them whether they are being truly genuine or not.
Team members must share information as mistakes reflect on everyone. Team members also have inside knowledge and are not fooled by one another's performances. There are three stages:The sociological perspective is a perspective on human behavior and its connection to society as a whole.
It invites us to look for the connections between the behavior of individual people and. Ch 1, The Sociological Perspective. notes and definitions Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach 9th ed.
STUDY. PLAY. sociological research whose purpose s to make discoveries about life in human groups, not to make changes in those groups.
social interaction. what people do when they are in one another's presence. In sociology, interactionism is a theoretical perspective that derives social processes (such as conflict, cooperation, identity formation) from human interaction.
It is the study of how individuals shape society and are shaped by society through meaning that arises in interactions. . The sociological perspective on human interaction and why I am taking is the course is very clear.
With Criminal Justice is the interaction of all different types of people is a necessity. The symbolic interaction perspective, also called symbolic interactionism, is a major framework of sociological theory.
This perspective relies on the symbolic meaning that people develop and rely upon in the process of social interaction. Symbolic interaction theory, or symbolic interactionism, is one of the most important perspectives in the field of sociology, providing a key theoretical foundation for much of the research conducted by sociologists.
The central principle of the interactionist perspective is that the meaning we.